[printable]

ruig

ruig ‘reach’ is an irregular verb.


forms [+/-]

The principal parts of ruig are –

  • ruigidh – future independent, i.e. ‘will reach’
  • ràinig – past independent, i.e. ‘reached’
  • ruigsinn – verbal noun, i.e. ‘reaching’


tense

  • past [+/-]
    • active
      • independent – ràinig
      • relative – a ràinig
      • dependent – cha/an/nach do ràinig
    • passive
      • independent – ràinigeas
      • relative – a ràinigeas
      • dependent – cha/an/nach do ràinigeas
  • future [+/-]
    • active
      • independent – ruigidh
      • relative – a ruigeas
      • dependent – cha/an/nach ruig
    • passive
      • independent – ruigear
      • relative – a ruigear
      • dependent – cha/an/nach ruigear
  • conditional [+/-]
    • active
      • first person singular
        • independent – ruiginn
        • relative – a ruiginn
        • dependent – cha/an/nach ruiginn
      • first person plural
        • independent – ruigeamaid
        • relative – a ruigeamaid
        • dependent – cha/an/nach ruigeamaid
      • second/third persons
        • independent – ruigeadh
        • relative – a ruigeadh
        • dependent – cha/an/nach ruigeadh
    • passive
      • independent – ruigte
      • relative – a ruigte
      • dependent – cha/an/nach ruigte


status

  • independent [+/-]
    • past
      • active – ràinig
      • passive – ràinigeas
    • future
      • active – ruigidh
      • passive – ruigear
    • conditional
      • active
        • first person singular – ruiginn
        • first person plural – ruigeamaid
        • second/third persons – ruigeadh
      • passive – ruigte
  • relative [+/-]
    • past
      • active – a ràinig
      • passive – a ràinigeas
    • future
      • active – a ruigeas
      • passive – a ruigear
    • conditional
      • active
        • first person singular – a ruiginn
        • first person plural – a ruigeamaid
        • second/third persons – a ruigeadh
      • passive – a ruigte
  • dependent [+/-]
    • past
      • active – cha/an/nach do ràinig
      • passive – cha/an/nach do ràinigeas
    • future
      • active – cha/an/nach ruig
      • passive – cha/an/nach ruigear
    • conditional
      • active
        • first person singular – cha/an/nach ruiginn
        • first person plural – cha/an/nach ruigeamaid
        • second/third persons – cha/an/nach ruigeadh
      • passive – cha/an/nach ruigte


voice

  • active [+/-]
    • past
      • independent – ràinig
      • relative – a ràinig
      • dependent – cha/an/nach do ràinig
    • future
      • independent – ruigidh
      • relative – a ruigeas
      • dependent – cha/an/nach ruig
    • conditional
      • independent
        • first person singular – ruiginn
        • first person plural – ruigeamaid
        • second/third persons – ruigeadh
      • relative
        • first person singular – a ruiginn
        • first person plural – a ruigeamaid
        • second/third persons – a ruigeadh
      • dependent
        • first person singular – cha/an/nach ruiginn
        • first person plural – cha/an/nach ruigeamaid
        • second/third persons – cha/an/nach ruigeadh
  • passive [+/-]
    • past
      • independent – ràinigeas
      • relative – a ràinigeas
      • dependent – cha/an/nach do ràinigeas
    • future
      • independent – ruigear
      • relative – a ruigear
      • dependent – cha/an/nach ruigear
    • conditional
      • independent – ruigte
      • relative – a ruigte
      • dependent – cha/an/nach ruigte


imperative

  • independent [+/-]
    • first person singular – ruigeam!
    • second person singular – ruig!
    • first person plural – ruigeamaid!
    • second person plural – ruigibh!
    • third person – ruigeadh!
    • passive – ruig(t)ear!
  • dependent [+/-]
    • first person singular – na ruigeam!
    • second person singular – na ruig!
    • first person plural – na ruigeamaid!
    • second person plural – na ruigibh!
    • third person – na ruigeadh!
    • passive – na ruig(t)ear!

Notes –

  1. There are various dialectal verbal noun alternatives – ruighinn, ruigheachd.