[printable]

cluinn

cluinn β€˜hear’ is an irregular verb.


forms [+/-]

The principal parts of cluinn are –

  • cluinnidh – future independent, i.e. β€˜will hear’
  • chuala – past independent, i.e. β€˜heard’
  • cluinntinn – verbal noun, i.e. β€˜hearing’


tense

  • past [+/-]
    • active
      • independent – chuala
      • relative – a chuala
      • dependent – cha chuala, an/nach cuala
    • passive
      • independent – chualas
      • relative – a chualas
      • dependent – cha chualas, an/nach cualas
  • future [+/-]
    • active
      • independent – cluinnidh
      • relative – a chluinneas
      • dependent – cha chluinn, an/nach cluinn
    • passive
      • independent – cluinnear
      • relative – a chluinnear
      • dependent – cha chluinnear, an/nach cluinnear
  • conditional [+/-]
    • active
      • first person singular
        • independent – chluinninn
        • relative – a chluinninn
        • dependent – cha chluinninn, an/nach cluinninn
      • first person plural
        • independent – chluinneamaid
        • relative – a chluinneamaid
        • dependent – cha chluinneamaid, an/nach cluinneamaid
      • second/third persons
        • independent – chluinneadh
        • relative – a chluinneadh
        • dependent – cha chluinneadh, an/nach cluinneadh
    • passive
      • independent – chluinnte
      • relative – a chluinnte
      • dependent – cha chluinnte, an/nach cluinnte


status

  • independent [+/-]
    • past
      • active – chuala
      • passive – chualas
    • future
      • active – cluinnidh
      • passive – cluinnear
    • conditional
      • active
        • first person singular – chluinninn
        • first person plural – chluinneamaid
        • second/third persons – chluinneadh
      • passive – chluinnte
  • relative [+/-]
    • past
      • active – a chuala
      • passive – a chualas
    • future
      • active – a chluinneas
      • passive – a chluinnear
    • conditional
      • active
        • first person singular – a chluinninn
        • first person plural – a chluinneamaid
        • second/third persons – a chluinneadh
      • passive – a chluinnte
  • dependent [+/-]
    • past
      • active – cha chuala, an/nach cuala
      • passive – cha chualas, an/nach cualas
    • future
      • active – cha chluinn, an/nach cluinn
      • passive – cha chluinnear, an/nach cluinnear
    • conditional
      • active
        • first person singular – cha chluinninn, an/nach cluinninn
        • first person plural – cha chluinneamaid, an/nach cluinneamaid
        • second/third persons – cha chluinneadh, an/nach cluinneadh
      • passive – cha chluinnte, an/nach cluinnte


voice

  • active [+/-]
    • past
      • independent – chuala
      • relative – a chuala
      • dependent – cha chuala, an/nach cuala
    • future
      • independent – cluinnidh
      • relative – a chluinneas
      • dependent – cha chluinn, an/nach cluinn
    • conditional
      • independent
        • first person singular – chluinninn
        • first person plural – chluinneamaid
        • second/third persons – chluinneadh
      • relative
        • first person singular – a chluinninn
        • first person plural – a chluinneamaid
        • second/third persons – a chluinneadh
      • dependent
        • first person singular – cha chluinninn, an/nach cluinninn
        • first person plural – cha chluinneamaid, an/nach cluinneamaid
        • second/third persons – cha chluinneadh, an/nach cluinneadh
  • passive [+/-]
    • past
      • independent – chualas
      • relative – a chualas
      • dependent – cha chualas, an/nach cualas
    • future
      • independent – cluinnear
      • relative – a chluinnear
      • dependent – cha chluinnear, an/nach cluinnear
    • conditional
      • independent – chluinnte
      • relative – a chluinnte
      • dependent – cha chluinnte, an/nach cluinnte


imperative

  • independent [+/-]
    • first person singular – cluinneam!
    • second person singular – cluinn!
    • first person plural – cluinneamaid!
    • second person plural – cluinnibh!
    • third person – cluinneadh!
    • passive – cluinn(t)ear!
  • dependent [+/-]
    • first person singular – na cluinneam!
    • second person singular – na cluinn!
    • first person plural – na cluinneamaid!
    • second person plural – na cluinnibh!
    • third person – na cluinneadh!
    • passive – na cluinn(t)ear!